Pashmina is a very fine and warm fibre which mainly comes from Changthang goat native to Ladakh.the Changtangi goat is the source of worlds finest Pashmina measuring 12-15 microns in fibre thickness. The fibre is collected during the spring Moulting and goat produces approximatly 80-170gm of the fibre and it takes 3 goats wool to make a complete shawl
Yak is a sturdy animal with an independent temperament. In India it is found throughout the Trans-Himalayas at an altitude of 13500 feet to 17000 feet. Domestic yaks are reared by Chanpa nomads as their primary pack animal to shift their camps during seasonal migration. It is also an important source of wool and milk. The outer coat of wool is coarse and heavy. It is used to make ‘Rebo’ tents of the nomads. The inner coat is fine and soft measuring 21-25 microns in fibre thickness and has excellent insulating properties. It is used to make woollen wear. A yak provides fibre for a sweater and a cap in a year.
Camelus Bactrianus is a living remnant of the famous silk route trade era of the yonder years. The silk route passed through Ladakh, then an important trading hub. It then linked to the main central Asia road via Central Asian cities of Khotan, Yarkand and Kashgar. Hence, today in India, double Humped Camel is ony found in Ladakh. An adult camel produces 3-4kgs of fine wool (19-21 micron) in a year. There is a huge demand for the camel hair apparels and shawls as it supplies warmth without adding weight. The hair is famous for its thermostatic properties which can protect and insulate the animal from the extreme cold conditions as well as keeping it cool in the hot desert. The same qualities are transferred when producing fabrics woven from camel wool.
High quality Sheep wool found all over Ladakh and generally in Changthang region.